Dictionary of Information, Science and Technology, 2007

Dictionary of Information, Science and Technology, 2007.

Information science is the study of information phenomena, including the acquisition, storage, and manipulation of data, information, and knowledge. It is by nature an interdisciplinary field. Researchers, managers, system users, and students need access to tools, terms, and techniques that are spread out over a large literature in a number of different disciplines: information retrieval, database management, office information systems, information technology, communication and networking, relevant computer hardware, and artificial intelligence.This work facilitates the cross-use terms from the various contributing sub-areas of information science. With definitions of one-thousand terms, in alphabetical order, the volume provides a unified, integrated, and concise guide to the field. Each term is annotated by one or more references to the literature. Where possible, the first reference directs the user to a basic or seminal discussion of the term and subsequent references show its usage in an information science-related application. This work will be an indispensable reference for students, researchers, and professionals.Key Features* Contains one-thousand entries and more than 100 illustrations and tables. Many entries include enough information (examples, diagrams, and formulas) to allow the reader to make use of the term, model, or algorithm in his or her own application* An extensive bibliography (more than 300 references) guides the reader to the details of concepts described in the guide--nearly every entry is annotated by one or more references, both to seminal or basic discussions of the concept and to works that demonstrate its usage in an information science-related application. Each term is followed by a number &quote;key&quote; into the detailed subject outlines at the back of the book, so that each item is given a context within a subject area* Entries focus on fundamental concepts, rather that specific technologies.

Dictionary of Information, Science and Technology, 2007

Cooperative Agent.
Usually each agent participating in an agent system does not solve the whole problem by itself, but only a small subproblem for which it has the required competence. By means of cooperation with other agents, the whole problem is inished. While cooperating, an agent has to bid for solving some aspect of the problem or negotiates with other agents for the distribution of tasks. (Barolli & Koyama, 2005b).

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