История английского языка, Расторгуева Т.А., 2003

История английского языка, Расторгуева Т.А., 2003.

   Учебник охватывает всю программу курса истории английского языка. Каждый раздел снабжен вопросами и упражнениями, контролирующими понимание и стимулирующими самостоятельный анализ фактов языка. Приложена хрестоматия текстов разных эпох с образцами анализа, словарями и переводом.
Предназначен для студентов институтов и факультетов иностранных языков.

История английского языка, Расторгуева Т.А., 2003


Rate of Linguistic Changes.
Linguistic changes are usually slow and gradual. They proceed in minor, imperceptible steps unnoticed by the speakers. The rate of linguistic changes is restricted by the communicative function of language, for a rapid change would have disturbed or hindered communication between speakers of different generations. Unlike human society, language undergoes no revolutions or sudden breaks. The slow rate of linguistic change is seen in the gradual spread of new features in language space.

This should not be understood to mean that the speed of evolution in language is absolutely consistent or that all changes proceed at exactly the same pace. As shown below, at some historical periods linguistic changes grew more intensive and more rapid, whereas at other periods they slowed down and the English language was stabilised.

CONTENTS.
Preface.
Introduction.
Part One.
Chapter 1. Some Theoretical Aspects of Language History.
Chapter II. Germanic Languages.
Chapter III. Linguistic Features of Germanic Languages.
Chapter IV. Chronological Divisions In the History of English. Short Survey of Periods.
Chapter V. Old English. Historical Background.
Chapter VI. Old English Written Records.
Chapter VII. Old English Alphabet and Pronunciation.
Chapter VIII. Old English Phonetics.
Chapter IX. Old English Grammar.
Chapter X. Old English Vocabulary.
Chapter XI. Historical Background from the 11th to 15th c. Linguistic Situation. Written Records.
Chapter XII. Development of the National Literary English Language (16th-19th c.).
Chapter XIII. Spelling Changes in Middle English. Rules of Reading.
Chapter XIV. Evolution of the Sound System from the 11th to 18th c.
Chapter XV. Evolution of the Grammatical System from the 11th to 18th c.
Chapter XVI. Development of the English Vocabulary from the 12th to 19th c.
Suggestions for Further Reading.



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