English grammar, A university course, Third edition, Downing A., 2015

English grammar, A university course, Third edition, Downing A., 2015.

   This best-selling comprehensive descriptive grammar forms a complete course, ideal for all students studying English Language, whether on a course or for self-study. Broadly based on Hallidayan systemic-functional grammar but also drawing on cognitive linguistics and discourse analysis, English Grammar is accessible, avoiding overly theoretical or technical explanations.
The book consists of twelve self-contained chapters built around language functions, and each chapter is divided into units of class-length material. Key features include:
• Numerous authentic texts from a wide range of sources, both spoken and written, which exemplify the grammatical description;
• Clear chapter and unit summaries which enable efficient class preparation and student revision;
• Extensive exercises with a comprehensive answer key.

English grammar, A university course, Third edition, Downing A., 2015


THREE WAYS OF INTERPRETING CLAUSE STRUCTURE.
The clause or simple sentence is the basic unit that embodies our construal of representational meaning and interpersonal meaning. The clause is also the unit whose elements can be reordered in certain ways to facilitate the creation of textual meaning. The textual resources of the clause, such as the active-passive alternative, enable the representational strand and the interpersonal strand of meaning to cohere as a message, not simply as a sentence in isolation, but in relation to what precedes it in the discourse.

Each type of meaning is encoded by its own structures; the three types of structure combine to produce one single realisation in words.

To summarise, the three kinds of meaning derive from the consideration of a clause as: (a) the linguistic representation of our experience of the world; (b) a communicative exchange between persons; (c) an organised message or text. We now turn to the three types of structure that implement these meanings.

CONTENTS.
List of figuresэ.
Preface to the third edition.
Acknowledgements.
Introduction to the third edition.
Table of notational symbols.
1 Basic concepts.
2 The skeleton of the message: introduction to clause structure.
3 The development of the message: complementation of the verb.
4 Interaction between speaker and hearer: linking speech acts and grammar.
5 Conceptualising patterns of experience: processes, participants, circumstances.
6 Organising the message: thematic and information structures of the clause.
7 Combining clauses into sentences.
8 Talking about events: the Verbal Group
9 Viewpoints on events: tense, aspect and modality.
10 Talking about people and things: the Nominal Group.
11 Describing persons, things and circumstances: adjectival and adverbial groups.
12 Spatial, temporal and other relationships: the Prepositional Phrase.
Answer Key.
Select Bibliography.
Index.



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