Azerbaijan Language Manual, Peace Corps

Azerbaijan Language Manual, Peace Corps.

   The Azerbaijani language is the official language of the Azerbaijan Republic. Azerbaijani is spoken by about 8 million people in Azerbaijan Republic and generally by 50 million people all over the world. Azerbaijani is a member of the Turkic branch of the Altaic language family, which includes about 20 languages. Close to 150 million people speak these languages in the area that stretches from the Adriatic Sea in the west to Mongolia, Siberia and China in the east. Specifically, Azerbaijani belongs to the Oghuz Seljuk sub-group, along with (Osmanli) Turkish. Other well-known members of the Turkic branch include: Uzbek, Kipchak, Kyrgyz, Tatar, and Kazakh. The Turkic languages closely resemble each other and form a complex of mutually intelligible dialects.

Azerbaijan Language Manual, Peace Corps


“To be” suffixes in the Present Tense.
To convey the same meaning of the English “to be” Azerbaijani has different words and suffixes. The most common of them are the personal suffixes that attach to nouns, adjectives, and locations and express the meaning of “to be + noun/adjective/adverb”.

For example:
• Bu kitabdır = It is a book.
• O, qız qəşəngdir = That girl is beautiful.
• Kitab rəf+də+dir = The book is on the shelf (note that ” də” here indicates location.).
Negative is formed by the word “deyil”.

For example:
• Bu kitab deyil = This is not a book.
• Kitab rəfdə deyil = The book is not on the shelf.
• O qız qəşəng deyil = That girl is not beautiful.

CONTENTS.
BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE AZERBAIJANI LANGUAGE.
LESSON 1.
AZERBAIJANI ALPHABET.
VOWEL HARMONY.
LESSON 2.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS.
TO BE SUFFIXES IN THE PRESENT TENSE.
LESSON 3 NEGATIVE AND AFFIRMATIVE FORMS OF ‘TO BE’ IN PRESENT.
LESSON 4.
HOW TO GREET AND RESPOND TO GREETING.
LESSON 5.
OTHER EXPRESSIONS USED FOR GREETING.
LESSON 6.
SAYING GOOD- BYE.
LESSON 7.
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS/POSSESSIVENESS.
POSSESSIVE SUFFIXES.
LESSON 8.
GETTING AQUAINTED.
LESSON 9.
INTRODUCTIONS.
LESSON 10.
POLITELY SPEAKING.
LESSON 11.
FREQUENTLY USED VERBS- COMMANDS.
LESSON 12 FORMAL AND INFORMAL COMMAND FORMS.
LESSON 13.
PRESENT TENSE.
LESSON 14.
EXPRESSING NEEDS AND ASKING ABOUT PRICE.
LESSON 15.
ASKING QUESTIONS.
LESSON 16.
THE ADJECTIVES.
LESSON 17.
AGREEING AND DISAGREEING.
LESSON 18.
ASKING/REQUESTING FOR SOMETHING OR OFFERING ASSISTANCE.
LESSON 19.
TALKING ABOUT LANGUAGE ABILITIES.
LESSON 20.
ASKING FOR DIRECTIONS.
LESSON 21.
CONVERSATION WITH THE HOST FAMILY.
LESSON 22.
EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKES.
LESSON 23.
NUMERALS.



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2024-04-14 00:38:00